What Treatments are Available for Malocclusion?
What Treatments are Available for Misaligned Teeth (Malocclusion)?
Malocclusion is the term given to a misaligned bite, when the teeth line up improperly and are mismatched. A malocclusion can cause the teeth to become crooked, overly crowded or to protrude (“buck teeth”).
There are several different types of malocclusions, both with official and common names. Some people know of the most commonly discussed bite problems, such as under-/overbites, but these are just types of malocclusion and are more general terms.
Types of malocclusions include:
- Underbite. This is when the bottom jaw juts out from the upper teeth.
- Overbite. An overbite is caused by the upper teeth are excessively in front of the jaw. The upper front teeth also are too far down over the lower teeth.
- Cross bite. This type of malocclusion includes the upper teeth fitting incorrectly into the lower teeth, or the bite is “crossed.”
- Spacing or Overcrowding. If the teeth have too much or not enough room, it can cause this type of problem. It can prevent adult teeth from coming in correctly, or it can prevent it entirely.
- Less common types: overjet, misplaced midline, open bite, rotation and transposition.
In addition, malocclusions are classified into 3 types, depending on the jaw bone and the position of the teeth. The jaw joint is an important factor in determining the type class of malocclusion the patient has, from class I to III.
How is Malocclusion Diagnosed and Treated?
A patient may come to their orthodontist in Annapolis MD presenting with a malocclusion, but they may not know what type it is. It may present with no symptoms at all, but the patient thinks “it’s time” to get checked. Most patients will be diagnosed a routine dental examination, before being referred to an orthodontist in Annapolis MD.
A diagnosis can be made officially by taking photographs, X-rays, and making a plaster model of the patient’s teeth from an impression mold. This mold is a direct replica of the teeth and makes it easier to determine the proper treatment from being able to view the teeth and bite from all angles, including from above and below.
Come to Labbe Family Orthodontics in Annapolis MD for Straighter Teeth!
Our orthodontics office is fully trained in diagnosing and treating all types of malocclusions, and we accept referrals from neighboring dentists for patients suspected of having a particular malocclusion. If you are interested in orthodontic treatment in Annapolis, please contact our office today to learn more about how we can help you get the smile you’ve always dreamed of!